Golda Myerson, née Mabovitz, better known as Golda Meir, was born on 3 May 1898 in Kiev, Russia. She came from a Jewish family. Because of the persecution and violence perpetrated against the Jewish community on the one hand, and the precariousness of life on the other, her father decided to emigrate to the United States in 1903 and then to Wisconsin in 1906. Refusing to marry the man proposed by her parents at the age of 14, Golda went to live with her sister, Sheyna, in Denver, Colorado. In 1916, she took part in political meetings to defend socialist Zionism. She then met and married Morris Myerson at the age of 19. Their children Menahem and Sarah were born.
In 1921, she left the United States and went to live with her family in Palestine, which was still under the British mandate. The family was welcomed into a kibbutz. Golda Myerson stood out and became the representative of her kibbutz in the Israeli land workers' union, the Histadrut, until 1924. During the same year, Golda and her family decided to live in Tel Aviv, then in Jerusalem. This time, appointed as the women's representative in the Histadrut, she moved back to Tel Aviv with her children and left her husband in Jerusalem until his death in 1951. Golda Myerson became a member of the Histadrut government, becoming an increasingly influential figure in the group.
In 1946, Golda Myerson managed to evade the massive arrests made by the British against Zionist leaders. Thereafter, she held the reins of the Histadrut while negotiating with the British authorities. On 14 May 1948, the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel was signed and Golda Myerson's name was among the signatories. On 15 May of the same year, with an Israeli passport, Golda Myerson travelled to the United States on a fundraising mission.
On her return to Israel, she served as ambassador to the USSR until 1949. Golda Myerson then joined the Israeli parliamentary assembly, the Knesset. She then held a series of ministerial portfolios, becoming Minister of Labour in 1949 and Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1956. It is from this moment that Golda Myerson took the name of Golda Meir, which is the Hebrew equivalent of "brilliant radiance".
In 1965, Golda Meir was no longer a member of the government and joined the Labour Party as Secretary General. She briefly disappeared from the political scene on August 1, 1968 and made a very remarkable comeback as she was carried by the same Labour Party at the request of the Israeli government, following the death of Levi Eshkoll on February 26, 1969. Golda Meir resigned as Prime Minister and left the political life of the State of Israel for good on 11 April 1974.
Golda Meir's term as Prime Minister was marked by the Arab war against the State of Israel in 1973. Golda Meir, an uncompromising and uncompromising politician towards Palestine, is remembered in the annals of history as a founder of the State of Israel and the standard bearer for the victory of the Six Day War in 1967.
Golda Meir died in Jerusalem on 8 December 1978 of cancer.